sometimes referred to as the spurge family, is the fifth largest family of the flowering
plants. This mainly tropical family has almost 7000 species worldwide. In
Australia there are about 230 species in 58 genera.
many spurges are herbs, there are also many rainforest trees – the greatest
concentration in Australia being around the Atherton Tableland in north-eastern
The flowers of Euphorbiaceae species are usually
small and unisexual, with the male and female flowers on the same plant.
This family of plants
includes many that are used commercially. Some are important food sources, some
provide medicinal drugs while others are dangerous for the poisons within.
are 5 member species of Euphorbiaceae growing in Katandra –
xiphoclada (Broom spurge)
nutans (previously Omalanthus nutans)
pinifolius (Wedding Bush)
- Both Bertya brownii and Monotaxis linifolia are considered to
be rare or uncommon in the Sydney area.
contains six other plant species that were originally classified in the
Euphorbiaceae family but are no longer.